Project Description
The project proposes to rehabilitate a historic network of canals connecting 15th century watermills that flourished around the Rachiine River, which later attracted the founding and growth of agglomerations like Zgharta, Kfardlaqous,and Rachiine in the 16th century. Rachiine Watermills are mostly a vertical type; based on the position of the waterwheel, which requires a right-angle gear. Canals were used to bring water by gravity from the river to the Mills, exploiting water in the same vernacular tradition in agriculture, irrigation, technology and building engineering. The project is part of a regional vision targeting the rehabilitation of 5 canal networks’ linking 13 rehabilitated windmills, to become a trail that promotes and emphasize this cultural heritage, as well as become a public destination for walking, recreation, and cultural awareness. The proposed trail is an earth-bounded path next to the historic canal that links the three mills: Khawaja, Harf Ardeh and Mar Sarkis (figure 5). It comprises two arrival points, way finding and information signage at each mill, and general information boards at both entrances of the trail. The project includes lighting of the canal and the mills, in addition to public amenities like benches and shading structures on specific moments by the canal.

 

Project Data
Program
heritage trail along historic mills and canals
Area
7 km
Location
Rachiine River, Lebanon
Status
in progress
Year
2017
Credits
Team
Boulos Doueihy, Samir Bitar, Sandra Frem
Description
The project proposes to rehabilitate a historic network of canals connecting 15th century watermills that flourished around the Rachiine River, which later attracted the founding and growth of agglomerations like Zgharta, Kfardlaqous,and Rachiine in the 16th century. Rachiine Watermills are mostly a vertical type; based on the position of the waterwheel, which requires a right-angle gear. Canals were used to bring water by gravity from the river to the Mills, exploiting water in the same vernacular tradition in agriculture, irrigation, technology and building engineering. The project is part of a regional vision targeting the rehabilitation of 5 canal networks’ linking 13 rehabilitated windmills, to become a trail that promotes and emphasize this cultural heritage, as well as become a public destination for walking, recreation, and cultural awareness. The proposed trail is an earth-bounded path next to the historic canal that links the three mills: Khawaja, Harf Ardeh and Mar Sarkis (figure 5). It comprises two arrival points, way finding and information signage at each mill, and general information boards at both entrances of the trail. The project includes lighting of the canal and the mills, in addition to public amenities like benches and shading structures on specific moments by the canal.

 

RACHIINE MILLS TRAIL 01 of